This course introduces to the history of the text of the Quran, to its language and style, and to the traditional "Qur'anic sciences".
ECTS Credits: 3
Professor: Claude Gilliot
This is the first part of a two-part introduction to the history of the textual constitution of the Quran, to its language and style, and to the traditional "Qur'anic sciences.
Plan of First part:
1 – Creation of a fixed Text
- The status of the Quran during Muhammad’s lifetime
- The collections, redaction and textual history of the Quran after the death of Muhammad
- Questions and perspectives
2 – Langage and Style of the Qur’an
- Various general positions on the language and style of the Qur'an
- The theological thesis on the language of the Qur'an
- The Qur'an on its own language and style. Does the Qur'an really say it is in "a clear Arabic tongue"?
- The superiority of the Arabic language and the excellence of the Arabic of the Qur'an
- The "Challenge Verses"
- The foreign words
- The problems of Qur'anic grammar
- The mythical narratives on the superiority of Arabic
- The "creation" of a Prophet against his competitors
- The hypotheses of the Arabists
- From language to style
- The theological thesis on the style of the Qur'an
- The positions of the Arabists on the style of the Qur'an
- The ancient Christian or Syriac connection
3 – Informants
- The framework and the common features of the narratives on the informants
- The apologetic features of these narratives
- The case of the hermit/monk of Busra (Bostra)
- The informants and their role in the constitution of the Qur’an in the Meccan period
To be continued in Second Part.