PHI00012 - Metaphysics, a discipline with long standing history, has been understood in different ways. Traditionally, it is considered as the most general and fundamental discipline of all other disciplines. Metaphysics or the Philosophy of Being as Being seeks to answer questions about existence.
ECTS Credits: 6Professor: Dr Vinoy Thomas Paikkattu
Metaphysics seeks to describe the world on the basis of reason and experience. Metaphysics seeks to answer the questions: Why is there something rather than nothing? And who am I and why am I here? The world of experience that we each contemplate is conditioned by many prior beliefs. Metaphysics is the science and art of bringing unconscious beliefs into mind and questioning them. The answers and solutions to the questions and problems are discovered with a kind of rational contemplation and critical thinking.
- The first chapter is an introductory chapter that deals with the whole notion of Metaphysics. Definition, nature, scope, division, importance, and starting point of Metaphysics in detail.
- The second chapter is a historical overview of Metaphysics based on the history of philosophy and philosophers. The history is not all exhaustive but is sufficient to understand the progressive development of Metaphysics as a discipline of Philosophy down the centuries.
- The third chapter attempts to introduce the notion, knowledge, Definition, principles, analogy and identity, and types of Being. This chapter aims at more of a conceptual clarification of Being.
- The fourth chapter elucidates on the metaphysical structure of Being. It analyses the concepts of existence, essence, matter and form, act and potency, and substance and accidents. This chapter synthesises all these notions into a holistic system of understanding the very reality of a thing whether material or immaterial.
- The fifth chapter deals with the ontological or transcendental properties of Being, the associate concepts of Metaphysical structures of Being. These concepts shed light into the ordinary understanding of Being, the way beings are recognised by human beings.
- The sixth chapter is a brief introduction on the principle of causality. It enquires into the ‘why’ of all things. The chapter ends with a Humean critique of principle of causality and a relevant answer to the concerns of David Hume, the sceptic.
- The seventh chapter is a brief description on the ontological notion of person, especially on human person.
- The eight chapter is a small introduction of Indian Metaphysics which would complement other studies on Indian philosophy, and would stand as a logical counterpart to the western Metaphysics.
Aquinas, Thomas. On Being and Essence. Toronto, Canada: Institute of Medieval Studies, 1949.
Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Contra Gentiles, trans. James F. Anderson.
Aquinas, Treatise on Human Nature: The Complete Text – Summa Theologiae I, Questions 75-102, trans. Alfred J. Freddoso. South Bend, Indiana: St. Augustine’s Press, 2010.
Aristotle. “Metaphysics.” In Commentary on the Metaphysics of Aristotle by Aquinas, Thomas. trans. John P Rowan, Vol. I. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1961.
Aristotle. Categoriae (Categories), trans. J.L. Ackrill, in The Complete Works of Aristotle, vol. 1, ed. Jonathan Barnes, 3-24. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1984.
Aristotle. Metaphysics. New York: Penguin Group, 2004.
Bittle, Celestine. The Domain of Being. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Company,1950.
Desbruslais, History of Western Philosophy. Pune: Jnana-Deepa Vidyapeeth, 1984.
Copleston, Frederick. A History of Philosophy Vol. III. New York: Newman Press, 1993.
Coreth, Emerich. Metaphysics, ed. Joseph Donceel. New York: Herder and Herder, 1968.
Desbruslais, C. Philosophy of Being: Introduction to Metaphysics today. Pune: Jnana-Deepa Vidyapeeth, 2006.
Descartes, Rene. Meditations on First Philosophy, e.d. John Cottingham. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Emerich Coreth, Metaphysics. New York: Seabury Press, 1973.
Gilson, Etienne. Being and Some Philosophers. Toronto: Pontificial Instittue of MedievalStudies, 1952.
Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time, trans. by J. Macquarrie and Robinson. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1973.
Hiriyanna, M. Outlines of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1994.
Hopkins, Burt C. The Philosophy of Husserl. Durham: Acumen, 2011.
Husserl, Edmund. Phenomenology and the Crisis of Philosophy, trans. Quentin Lauer. New York: Harper Torch Books, 1965.
Indira Gandhi Open University. Definition and nature of metaphysics. New Delhi: Indira Gandhi Open university, 2010.
Indira Gandhi Open University. Greek philosophy: Classical period. New Delhi: Indira Gandhi Open University, 2010.
Kerby, Jeremy. Aristotle’s Metaphysics: Form, Matter and Identity. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2008.
King, Peter. Cambridge Companion of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Magee, Bryan. The Great Philosophers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Mohanty, Jitendra Nath. Classical Indian Philosophy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.
Mondin, Battista. Philosophical Anthropology. Banglore: Theological Publications in India, 1998.
Murphy, Murray G. “Plato” Encyclopaedia of philosophy, gen. ed. Donald M. Borchert, Vol.7. New York: Thomson Gale, 2006.
New York: Image Books, 1955.
Panthanmackel, George. Coming and Going: An Introduction to Metaphysics fromWestern Perspectives. Bangalore: ATC, 1999.
Pears, D.F. ed. Freedom and the Will. London: Macmillan & Co. Ltd, 1963.
Peters, John A. Metaphysics. Louvain: Duquesne University Press, 1963.
Scruton, R. A Short History of Modern Philosophy, London: 1981; 2002.
Sharma, Chandradhar. A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidas, 1976.
St. Thomas Aquinas on Analogy. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1960
Steenberghen, Fernand Van. Ontology. Louvain: Publications Universitaire, 1970.
Steiner, George. Heidegger. Fontana:William Collins and sons,1978.
The Cambridge Companion to Augustine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
The Christian Philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas, trans. L.K. Shook. New York: Random House, 1956
Thilly, Frank. A History of philosophy: Allahabad: Halcyon Press, 2010.