Philosophy of religion is also known as philosophical theology or philosophy of God. Other names include natural theology and theodicy.
ECTS Credits: 3
Professor: Fr Isaac Mutelo, OP
The course also aims to show that science cannot give a holistic and complete answer to this question. For the scientist, precisely because he is a scientist, the existence of things is a mere matter of fact, something that must be taken for granted. As a human being, of course, the scientist, like every other thinking person, does raise the question why things exist. The prevailing view in a large part of the twenty-first century world is that the only genuine knowledge is that obtained by the experimental method of science and that science can answer all questions. The course aims to show that science has parameters, beyond which it cannot stray, if it is to remain scientific. However, the fact that scientific facts are based on demonstration or repeatable experiments means that it cannot compete with ideologies such as creationism which source is sacred scripture and divine revelation.
After studying this course, you should be able to:
1. understand what is meant with "God" and "religion";
2. understand the main questions in respect of philosophy of religion;
3. have a better sense of the differences between philosophical questions and other kinds of questions or arguments;
4. consider objectively the relation between belief and evidence, faith, and proof;
5. understand and be able to express several philosophical theories taking a position in the debates over the issues mentioned in this course; and
6. identify and use relevant evidence to offer reasons for and against the various theories about religious belief.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. SECTION I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
1.1 Nature of the subject and essential concepts
1.2 Introducing religion
1.3 Introducing philosophy of religion
1.4 Faith and reason
2. SECTION II. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION AND SCIENCES
2.1 Science and religion: The case of creationism
2.2 Darwin's scientific Theory of Evolution
2.3 Origin of creationism
2.4 Definition and forms of creationism
2.5 Can creationism be reconciled with evolutionism?
3. SECTION III. DOES A SUPREME BEING EXIST?
3.1 Arguments for the existence of a Supreme Being
3.2 The nature and classes of arguments
3.3 The five ways of Aquinas
3.4 Arguments from participation metaphysics
3.5 Arguments from the Dynamism (Intellect and Will)
3.6 Intelligent designer and the God-of-the-Gaps argument
3.7 Argument from a fine-tuned universe (The Anthropic Principle)
4. SECTION IV. WHAT CAN BE A SUPREME BEING?
4.1 The essence and attributes of the Supreme Being
4.2 The difficulties of predication
4.3 The Via Negativa approach
4.4 The analogical aspect of predication
4.4 The analogy of intrinsic attribution
5. SECTION V. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION AND EVIL
5.1 The problem of evil
5.2 The nature of evil
5.3 The cause of evil
5.4 Reasoned vindication