DOMUNI UNIVERSITAS

Ethics: from Ancient to Modern

Ethics: from Ancient to Modern

This course will take students through ethical discourse from the time of Plato to Aristotle, then to Kant and utilitarians. The principal aim of this course is to make students aware of the different traditions or approaches to ethics. Students can then be able to compare some of the most influential ethical theorists in human history.

ECTS Credits: 6
Professor: Dr Bernard Matolino

Readings

 

  • Plato. 2011. Euthyphro, in Baird, F. E. (ed) Ancient Philosophy, 6 th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall (70-82)

  • Irwin, T. 1985. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company (1-65)

  • Nagel, T. 1980. Aristotle on Eudaimonia, in Rorty, A. O. (ed) Essays on Aristotle Ethics. Los Angeles: University of California Press ((7-14)

  • Sherman, N. 1997. Making a Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue. New York: Cambridge University Press (24-98)

  • Fortenbaugh, W. W. 1975. Aristotle on Emotion. London: Gerald Duckworth & Company Limited (63-92)

  • Kant, I. 1925. Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Ethics, 10th New York: Longmans, Green and Company (10-26) (translated by Thomas KingsMill Abbott)

  • Kant, I. 2003. From Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, in Darwall, S. (ed) Contractarianism/ Contractualism. Malden: Blackwell Publishers Ltd (80-86)

  • MacIntyre, A.1967. A Short History of Ethics: A History of Moral Philosophy from the Homeric Age to the Twentieth Century. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd (190-198)

  • Beck, L. W. 1978. Essays on Kant and Hume. London: Yale University Press (167-170)

  • Bentham, J. 1990. Of the Principle of Utility, in Glover, J. (ed). Utilitarianism and its Critics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company (9-14).

  • Mill, J. S. 1990. Of What Sort of Proof the Principle of Utility is Susceptible, in Glover, J. (ed). Utilitarianism and its Critics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company (15-20).

  • Moore, G. E. 1990. Criticism of Mill’s “Proof”, in Glover, J. (ed). Utilitarianism and its Critics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company (21-23).

  • Sidgwick, H. 1990. Utilitarianism and Commonsense Morality, in Glover, J. (ed). Utilitarianism and its Critics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company (24-32).

  • Smart, J. J. C. 1968. Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism, in Bayles, M. D. (ed). Contemporary Utilitarianism. New York: Doubleday & Company (99-115)

  • Williams, B. Moral Luck: Philosophical papers 1973-1980. New York: Cambridge University Press (40-53)