DOMUNI UNIVERSITAS

Dominican History. Part 3 : The Foundation of the Order of Preachers 1215-1217

Dominican History. Part 3 : The Foundation of the Order of Preachers 1215-1217

IN162-3

1215 marks an important new stage in the history of Prouilhe and the beginnings of the Order of Preachers. In order that he might have some ecclesiastical status in the diocese of Toulouse, Bishop Foulque appointed Dominic as parish priest at Fanjeaux in 1214.

ECTS Credits: 3
Professor: Sister Barbara Estelle Beaumont OP

1215 marks an important new stage in the history of Prouilhe and the beginnings of the Order of Preachers. In order that he might have some ecclesiastical status in the diocese of Toulouse, Bishop Foulque appointed Dominic as parish priest at Fanjeaux in 1214. The following year, however, the political situation in Toulouse became more settled: the town had been under siege, as well as under a ban – this meant that the pope had forbidden the celebration of the sacraments there, and all the clergy including the bishop had left. By 1215, Raymond VI, the heretic count was defeated, and Foulque was able to return to his cathedral city and restore the life of the Church there. He had always attached importance to preaching, and had known Dominic since his arrival in Languedoc in 1206. It would seem a natural
development for the bishop to invite him to become responsible for preaching in his city of Toulouse.

But such an arrangement required a more formal arrangement to be made, for one could not preach without a licence. This had been one of the principal arguments of the heretics – they claimed that every baptised person had the right to preach. The council of Avignon in 1209 had encouraged the bishops to pay more attention to preaching and to entrust it to “men of value and discernment”.

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