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Prophets 1

Prophets 1

An Introduction to the Prophetical Phenomenon

The prophets understand themselves as inspired by God and claim that what they say is word of God. This is obvious from the very frequent formula they use « Thus speaks the Lord »...

ECTS Credits: 3
Professor: Fr Hervé Tremblay OP

Chapter 1 : An Introduction to Prophetism in Ancient Near-East

Section 1.1- Syria-Palestine
1.11- Northern Syria : Ebla and Emar
1.12- Ugarit
1.13- Phenicia
1.14- Aram
1.15- Ammon
Section 1.2- The Hittites
Section 1. 3- Egypt
Section 1.4- Mesopotamia
1.41- Southern Babylonia : Uruk
1.42- Middle-Euphrates : Mari
1.43- East of the Tigris : Ishchali
Section 1.5- Assyria

Chapter 2 : A Closer Look - Prophets in Ancient Mesopotamia & Assyria

Section 2.1- Prophets with a Title from Ancient Mesopotamia
2.11- Apilu / apiltu « answerer »
2.12- Assinnu « cultual official »
2.13- Muhhu / muhhutu « ecstatic »
2.14- Nabu « soothsayer »
Section 2.2- Prophets without a title in Ancient Mesopotamia
Section 2.3- The context of the oracles in Ancient Mesopotamia
Section 2.4- The content of the oracles in Ancient Mesopotamia
Section 2.5- The status of the oracles in Ancient Mesopotamia
Section 2.6- The prophets with a title rom Ancient Assyria
2.61- Mahhû / mahhutu « ecstatic »
2.62- Raggimu / raggimtu « proclaimer »
2.63- Shabrû « revealer »
2.64- Selutu « female worshipper, devout, dedicated »
Section 2.7- The prophets without title in Ancient Assyria
Section 2.8- The context of the oracles in Ancient Assyria
Section 2.9- The content of the oracles in Ancient Assyria
2.91- Cataloguing the oracles

Chapter 3 : The Beginnings of Prophetism in Israel : A question of origin

Section 3.1- What can we say about early influences?
3.11- Foreign Influences
3.12- Canaanite Influence
Section 3.2- Analysing the Hebrew Canon to look for answers to the question of the origin of prophetism in Israel
3.21- Canonical : What the Bible says about the origin of prophetism
3.22- Evidence from the Pentateuch
3.23- Samuel’s Vision as a New Beginning
Section 3.3- Offering a Critical Answer : The prophecy of war and the birth of monarchy
3.31- First evidence of fights
3.32- Early prophetism in the political milieu
3.33- The Mosaic Influence
3.34- Looking closer at discrepancies with the Deuteronomist
Section 3.4- A prophetess arises
Section 3.5- Taking a closer look at Deborah as an early Israelite Prophetess
3.51- Deborah’s Titles
3.52- The relationship between judge and prophet in the character of Deborah
Section 3.6- An Anonymous Prophet

Chapter 4

Section 4.1- The Brotherhood of Prophets
4.11- Prophetic Activities performed as a group
4.12- Groups of prophets at the advent of propheticism in Ancient Israel
4.13- Individual streaks emerge out of groups of prophets
4.14- Two great maverick prophets emerge
Section 4.2- The First Non-Writing Prophets
4.21- The books of Samuel and Kings
4.22- Origins in the person of Samuel
4.23- Samuel, understood in context of the book’s later redactions
Section 4.3- Alternate Considerations
Section 4.4- Court Prophecy in relation to the Monarchal Period & its Fall
4.41- In the time of King David
4.42- In the North, between the schism and the fall of Samaria (930-721)
4.43- Between tha fall of Samaria and the fall of Jerusalem (721-587)
Section 4.5 - Some Preliminary Conclusions
Section 4.6- The prophets in the work of the Chronist (Ezr; Ne; 1-2 Ch)
4.71- Group #1
4.72- Group #2
4.73- Group #3

Chapter 5 - The Prophets begin to write!

Section 5.1- The prophetical vocabulary in Hebrew : Nabi’
5.11- Statistics
5.12- The use of the word nabi’ in the canonical prophets
5.13- Other uses of the word
Section 5.2- Etymology
5.21- The Grammatical Form
5.22- The Verbal Form
5.23- The Other Hebrew Words
Section 5.3 The Words about the Relationship Between the Prophet and God
5.31- Evidence from Greek Texts
5.32- Ja;l]m’
5.33- « God’s servant »
5.34- « My (his) servants the prophets »
Section 5.4 -The Words that Speak about the Prophet in his Relationship with Israel.
5.41- rmevo « keeper, sentinel, guardian »
5.42- hp,xo « watchman »
5.43- [G:vum] « lit. excited, madman »
5.44- Conclusion
Section 5.5- The Vocabulary in Greek.
5.51- In the Greek Septuagint
5.52- In the historical books
5.53- Which Hebrew words are translated into προφήτης?

CHAPTER 6 : Literary Forms

Section 6.1 The Oracle of Doom (or judgment, or threat, or reproaches)
6.11- This kind of oracle sometimes assumes the features of a town crier’s speech
6.12- The speech of legal procedure (rîb)
Section 6.2- The Oracles against the Nations
Section 6.3- The Oracles of Salvation / Hope
6.31- The oracle of salvation that imitates the priestly oracle of salvation
6.32- The next proclamation of salvation is distinguished by two features
Section 6.4 Widsom or Educational Speeches
Section 6.5 The Narratives.
6.51- Visions are usually considered a sub-genre of narratives
Section 6.6- Vocation / Calling Narratives

CHAPTER 7- Main Features of the Prophetic Speech

Section 7.1- The Messenger Formulas
7.11- Introduction
7.12- Transition
7.13- Conclusion
7.14- A look at the word µaun

Section 7.2- The Prophet as Messenger

Section 7.3- The Formula of Recognition or Self-manifestation

Section 7.4- The Symbolic Actions

Section 7.5- Formulating the Prophetical Books
7.51- Preservation of prophetic speech
7.52- Setting the canon

Section 7.6- Forms Used to Preserve Prophetic Speech

7.61- Best examples
7.62- Narratives in the written record
7.63- Oracles in the written record

Section 7.7- The writing process itself
7.71- 1st Division
7.72- 2nd Division
7.73- 3rd Division
7.74- Additional Challenges

Appendix

Division of the prophetical books