Philosophy of Science
The impact of science, not only on the world we inhabit, but also on the world of philosophy, is undeniable.
Course code: PH0018Professor: Isaac Mutelo
The impact of science, not only on the world we inhabit, but also on the world of philosophy, is undeniable. However, science itself raises many philosophical issues related not only to the subject of science itself but also related to the attitudes and ideas of the individuals associated with it. This course takes a historical-thematic perspective, beginning with the scientific attitude in early Greek philosophy and proceeding to the debates of the present day. In the course, students will be introduced to, and examine a brief history of science, and most importantly, the ideas and significance of the Philosophy of Science not just as an idea, but as a formal field of study and knowledge. They will be introduced to various significant individuals and concepts in science and its development, important philosophical problems in the progress of science, epistemological and metaphysical issues concerning the nature of space and time, induction, realism and anti-realism, artificial intelligence, scientific method, the relationship between science and technology, science and ethics, science and philosophy of God, and science and politics
After studying this course, one should be able to:
- understand the nature and scope of philosophy of science;
- give a historical development of science and philosophy of science;
- display an understanding of some notable philosophers of science and their philosophy;
- critically analyse the problems raised by philosophers of science and argue for a particular position in solving the problem/s;
- understand and be able to express several philosophical issues taking a position in the debates over the issues mentioned in this course.
SECTION I: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
SECTION II: HISTORY OF SCIENCE
SECTION III: THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD (METHODOLOGY DEBATE)
SECTION IV: THE SCIENCE AND ETHICS
SECTION V: NATURALISM, REDUCTIONISM, REALISM AND ANTI-REALISM