Introduction to Philosophy

Introduction to Philosophy

The course aims to show that from its origins through the early efforts made by the earliest oriental thinkers before the era of ancient great Greek thinkers, philosophy has remained a branch of knowledge concerned with fundamental questions concerning existence, human values, language, knowledge and many other matters.

Course code: PH0001

Professor: Isaac Mutelo


Philosophy is an academic field of study or a branch of knowledge concerned with general and fundamental questions of various aspects of human life based on the philosophical methods of questioning, critical or rational argument and the systematic presentation of ideas or thoughts. Philosophical reasoning illumines one’s critical attitude regarding existence, essential questions of human life and various aspects of existence. 


  1. Understand the nature and scope of philosophy;
  2. Understand some of the philosophical skills and explain the importance of philosophy as a branch of knowledge;
  3. Understand the origins of philosophy and some of the philosophical positions held by ancient Greek thinkers;
  4. Have a better sense of the differences between philosophical questions and other kinds of questions or arguments;
  5. Understand different branches of philosophy and some of the major issues concerned in such branches; and
  6. Understand and be able to express several philosophical issues taking a position in the debates over the issues mentioned in this course.


  • Outcomes
  • Section 1: What is the Nature and Scope of Philosophy?
  • Section 2: How did Philosophy Begin?
  • Section 3: What are the Major Branches of Philosophy?
  • Section 4: Sample Philosophical Issues - I
  • Section 5: Sample Philosophical Issues - II
  • Bibliography